ar

OGt. 26, 1906

swnastroth on the Honey- Bee 99

The Late Rev. Jolin Dzierzon, D. D.

(See page 1031)

mts «ft

é «2 4 « ¢ / \ t/

/ j

iY / t) Py,

§

® \ ( . [x A fA “S34 SD SV AWAINE ip SY ANY

\

a

itp ais ERED

pany 4 ==

.

Dec. 20, 1906

PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY

GEORGE W. YORK & COMPANY 334 Dearborn Street, Ghicago, Ill.

—<-

——— —_——

~—

IMPORTANT NOTICES,

THF SUBSCRIPTION PRICE of this Journal is

140 @ year, in the United States, Canada, and Mexico; all otber countries in the Postal Union, 50 cents & yeur extra for postage. Sample copy free.

THE WRAPPER-LABEL DATE indicates the end of the month to whic b your subscription ts paid. Yor instance, deci6” on your label shows that it is paid to the end of December, 19.6.

SUBSCRIPTION RECEIPTS.—We do not send a receipt fur money sent us to pay subscription, but change the date on your wrapper-label, which shows that the money has been received and creuited,

ll a ee i te i i i i i i

fidvertising Rate, per Agate Line, 10c.

14 lines make one inch. Nothing less than % inch accepted.

Time Discounts Space Discounts,

4 times.. . per < cent 100 lines... 5per cent 13 oe ao * ... “4 a = ma 9 1000 * ...20 GR © coca a 2000 * ...30 sa

These rates are subject to either time or space discounts, at choice, but not both.

Reading Notices, 25 cents, count line, subject to the above discounts,

Goes to press Monday morning.

Se AES SO Se Se Ne Nemes 2 Sew Ne

National Bee- Keepers’ Association Objects of the Association.

—To promote the interests of its members sa. To protect and defend its members in their lawful rights. 4d.—To enforce laws against the adulteratioh of honey. Annual Membership Dues, $1.00.

Genera! Manager and T wearer - N. K. FRANCE, Platteville, Wis, ¢? If more convenient, Dunes may be sent to the ublishers of ube American Bee Juurnal,

I OOOO

Beé-Keepers: souvenir Postal Gard

BEE my HONEY HEER THIS LONELY HEART?

1 WOULD HUG YOU ALL THE TIME; AAND

a ae Se Se O wont rou 6 ae he he S38 aoe =6| CANNOT A i ¢<77- BEAR To

Lose

WE WOULD NEVER PART

o~ - )7 pp TOU

~~ oa

eS

+ Ls +7 SI ->2 be? CAP Tey vonty mew Ss ca Ay coe

Fol *-

Prices, postpaid: 3 cards. for 10 cents stamps or silver), or FREE with the American Bee Journal one year at $1.00; 10 for 25 cents. There is a blank space on the card about 2 by 244 inches in size for writing. Send all orders to

GEORGE W. YORK & CO. 334 Dearborn Street, - Cuicaao, ILL.

Special Bargains

in dovetailed HIVES. Plain and Beeway SECTIONS. Hoffman ? BROOD-FRAIES. Section-Holders, Separators, etc.

We are enlarging our FACTORY and all of these goods have tobe & moved. If you want any thing in your apiary, you willdo well by Mm writing us at once, and we will make you DELIVERED PRICES that [gg will surprise you. Our stock is all new and up-to-date; we do not j keep poor or 2d grade goods. Our sizes are standard. Quality and

KG , We finish can not be beat by anyone. Wemakeanythingusedinthe

: apiary, and can save you money and delay atanytimeofthe season. ma Give usa trial and be convinced. Weaimtoplease our customers [i wee 4oand guarantee all our Goods to give entire satisfaction, or refund fy se) the money. KG os S coe) M b ] ) % innesota Beé-Keepers Supply G0. & a J . es 4 abs JOHN DOLL & SON, Proprietors, ais Ge) Nicollet Island, No. 33, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.

RS BSE

Dittméer's GoM) Foundation

Why do thousands of bee-keepers prefer it to other makes? Because the bees like it best and accept it more readily.

Dittmer’s Process is Dittmer’s

It stands on ite OWN NAME and its OWN FOUNDATION, to which alone it owes its reputation and merits.

We are now ready to make prices for next aeason for WORKING WAX for CASH and for full line of Supplies. Wholesale and Retail. Free Catalog and Samples.

GUS DITTMER, Augusta, Wis.

Ir You Want TO KEEP PosTED FEN CE

UPON THE Closely Woven. Can oe ee

GREATEST * POLITICAL * QUESTION

OF THE DAY, YOU MUST READ to all omer t A. at is

The Defender twists full height of the fence.

Sent henty _—y the NATIONAL EXPONENT of the PROAIBITION MoveMENT. 16 pages, weekly; illustrated.

30 DAYS FREE TR TRIAL To New Subscribers, 50 cents for one year.

TA TARR AR UAB RR

direct to farmer,treight

prepaid, at lowest factory ice. © Catalogue telis haw Wire

is > oy it is galvanized--

Bed. Its bring ulof at I~ ou should have this informa- tion. Write for ittoday. Its Free. KITSELMAN BROS.

Box$5 wmuNcie, indiana.

WILLIAM P. F. FERGUSON Editor and Publisher 400 West 23rp Straet, NEW YORK,N. Y. 35Atf Please mention the Bee Journal.

Ya NOMANONIN QNANANONONONONANON ON TON \

Wisconsin Basswood Sections

And Prompt Shipments

Is what we are making for our customers.

DOVETAILED HIVES AND SHIPPING-CASES ~

We carry a fullline of SUPPLIES. Ask for Catalog. THE MARSHFIELD MANUFACTURING CO., [arshfield, Wis, wy,

Piease mention Bee Journal when writing advertisers.

Please Mention the American Bee Journal 5c

is sold direct from FACTORY to USER

Acting on the theory that ‘‘testing is proving’’ we will send any responsible porece, on certain very easy condi-

ions, one of ourthree h. p. gas orgas- Oline engines on 10 days test trial.

This engine is noexperiment, but has been proved by actual use to do any work (where the rated amount of power is reguired) in the most practi- cal, reliable, safe and economical way.

This engine is of the fourcycle type. While the engine is up to normal speed the exhaust valve is held open, lowe ing free circulation of fresh air in the cylinder. Theigniter and intake valve are at rest, therefore are not using gasoline or the batteries.

Our igniter and mixer are of the most simple and reliable character. The gasoline is always properly vapor- ized and the igniter point never comes together unless a spark is required.

e fly ball type of governor isused, which automatically controls the ex- haust, igniter and the gasoline; it also allows the speed to be changed from 100 to 600 revolutions per minute while the engine is in motion—a very superior feature.

LION GAS OR GASOLINE ENGINES are simple in construction and

EASY TO OPERATE

They are used for all purposes where power is required for operating pri- yate electric-lightin plants, small factories, printing offices; farm ma- chinery, such as cream separators, feed-grinders, corn shellers, wood- sawing machines, etc., and fora thou- sand and one other purposes.

WRITE US A LETTER LIKE THIS:

Lyons ENGINE Co., Lyons, Mich.

Gentlemen: I am about to purchase a gas or gae- oline engine for. purposes and wish you to send me full particulars about your ap- proval offer as advertised in American Bee Journal. Yours very truly,

Name.

Town State Street No. or P. 0. Box R. F. D.

jpoceccoecoccooeocosoceses

S Culture, at lowest prices. 8 We make the best-finished and substantial

When writing, please state defi- nitely for what purpose you wish to use this engine and whether gas or ——— is to be used for fuel. This

nformation is very important to us. Please remember we send the engine, not the engine agent.

LYONS ENGINE

Our Early-Order Discounts on )

BHKE-SUPPLIES 8

are now in effect. We furnish EVERYTHING needed in practical Bee-

= SHIPPING - CASES r&

in free Shipping-Crates.

Our HONEY-EXTRACTORS

are not excelled for durability, fine workmanship, and practical utility. Have you seen our latest improved Champion Smoker? If not, you miss it until you get one.

Satisfaction guaranteed, or money back. Address,

KRETGHMER MFG. G6O., Gouncll Bluffs, lowa.

Museatine Produce Co., Muscatine, lowa. Trester Supply Co., 103 8. 11th Street, Lincoln, Neb. Shugart—Ouran Seed Co., Council Bluffs, lowa.

Catalogs issued in English or German.

SLASPAASAAASASASAASAGASAS

heather Hee seurtsnt when writte.

Fire Sale of Bee and Poultry Supplies

Come or send and Save 25 to 50 Percent on slightly damaged goods. Lewls Goods at 4 percent Discount 2YE:57 OxGonevi

EXCEPT ON HONEY-PACKAGES.

Any bee-keeper living within a reasonable distance of Chicago can make money on any

Supplies he may need now or later, by coming to Chicago and looking over the goods that we

selected out after the fire. Better order quick, if you want any of the goods we are selling at 25 to 50 percent reduction.

SISIALA SAS ASA AA AAA

Boe

(@” Send for list of Slightly Damaged Goods to select trom at Reduced Prices.

Quote us prices on Honey and Beeswax. Honey in 60-pound cans for sale.

H. M. ARND, Proprietor, York Honey and Bee-Supply Co. (0 tx.)

Long Distance Telephone, North 1559. 191 AND 193 SuPeRiOR ST. CHICAGO, ILL. (Three blocks north and one block east of our old location.) Mention Bee Journal when writing.

We Offer for a Limited Time Only

AT LIBERAL FIGURES

as follows: 300 Thousand Quart Berry-Boxes. | 25 Thousand 24-Section No-drip Shipping- 100 Thousands16 and 24 Quart Berry-Crates. | Cases. 200 Thousand Sections. 2 Thousand Dovetailed Bee-Hives.

Write to-day, and get our special prices, on any quantity. Address,

SHEBOYGAN FRUIT-BOX CO., Sheboygan, Wis.

Mention Bee Journsl when writing. 47 Abt

Spe he fe She She af le ate ah ale tate ah ee i ae ee

BEE-SUPPLIES

Root’s Goods at Root’s Prices. Wecarry in stock a complete line of goods used by bee-keepers. We also allow 4 percent discount on all orders received in December. Remember, the freight-rates from Toledo will save you money. Our large illustrated Catalog is free. Ask for it.

The Griggs Bros. & Nichols Go.

TOLEDO, OHIO

Ws er 129 82 STues weLS Fee |

eee:

ARGS e

ln tars,

tl tin dienes

1028

study.

HO MA AOA OAAAAAO RAL LOLOL ORO LOL OTOAG)

ROOT’S HIVES—The height of perfection. The parts fit together like those of an Elgin watch. bother longer with poor workmanship and material ?

GLEANINGS— Better than ever. DECEMBER DISCOUNT is 4 percent.

A NEW YEAR'S RESOLVE

SS IK

“USE ROOT’S GOODS”

GO

ROOT’S SECTIONS— Made from the best snow-white basswood. the best machinery that can be designed. that insures correct grading.

ROOT’S QUEENS—We have always endeavored to maintain the highest standard of our bees, and we have succeeded in producing strains of bees that are famous the world over for their superiority.

You really

The product of many years of

A new System of Inspection

can’t afford to miss a number.

Place orders with any agent named

Dec. 20, 1906

Why

Made by

TOOT NOOO TOT OR OT OT OT OT OT OT OT TOT oT OTo)

below. Write Nearest Branch or Agent for Catalog. Alabama . Mississippi Ohio *Wetumpka.......--e-sesseeeee J. M. Jenkins BDaROSUA 0 «cen. cacvsccees George A. Hummer c Canada Massachusetts a tiges 1g ncAdame Seed Co. TOromtO. ..-+- eeeereeereres E. Grainger & Co. Boston...... H. H. Jepson. 182 Friend Street Zanesville ...... es : - ee kW. Pheree Calitornia Lyonsville ............... nf W. Cary & Son Cincinnati . C. H. W. Weber iat oe. is oa. cteued Madary Planing Mill . Main 2146 Central ‘Avenue *Los Angeles........---- California National Mechanic Falls.......... The A. I. Root Co. o Honey-Producers’ Association Maryland segs Colorado Baltimore........... Rawlins Implement Co. Portland ................. Portland Seed Co. es The L. A. Watkins Mdse. Co. : Michigan » . Praita. canes Fruita bruit and Produce Ass'n Bell Brancle: ...... sss. 000s M.H. Hunt & Son P ommsylvania District of Columbia POON vies ccesereceuien George E. Hilton SP SES ovkesteves oxcwe Prothane & Arnold Minnesota Philadelphia.. . lL. Root Co. Washington.......---+++: The A. I. Root Co. St. Pant The A. 1. R 10 Vine ‘tine Georgia - Pau ** {024 Mississippi Desens. oot Co. yp Sh hips aneaeetes E. E. Pressier Savannah... .-Howkins & Rush 633 Lycoming Street "124 Liberty St. Missouri an 1 Mimols hee ne High Hill ... Jno Nebel & Sou Supply Co. " =e Chicago ...-..-ss+++sss095 c -_L ° pringfield ............. pringfield Co. DE wisig's asa ees T 144 East Erie Street. RRR le Blanke & Hauk San Antonio... a onne Geel Oae Tisent Bo. Indiana Ce New Mexico SD B58 65 acbndh odesees cet D. M, Edwards ie. sie bbeceancass alter S. paesiie. PER oe Vickery Bros. Carisbad.......--++.+-++++5 Edward Scoggin Utah lowa New York Ogee nc. 0.55. scccee The Superior Honey Co. Des Moines ......--+++>: Joseph Nysewander SYTACUBES 2... 2. cececceee The A, I. Root Co. Kansas New York City........... The A. I. Root Co. Virginia Agusta ...... 6. cece ee eeee en eees Carl F. Buck 44 Vesey Street. Spottswood.............e0.00. W. E. Tribbett

* These deaiers buy our goods in carload lots but supplement them with local-made goods.

THE A. I. ROOT CO., Medina, Ohio

mm

> ~

x

U

tm

.

CAT RNAL

(Entered at the Post-Office at Chicago as Second-Class Mai!-Matter.) Published Weekly at $1.00 a Year, by George W. York & Co., 334 Dearborn Street.

GEORGE W. YORK, Editor

CHICAGO, ILL., DECEMBER 20, 1906

Vol. XLVI—No, 51

A Merry Christmas we wish to every reader of the old American Bee Journal. And may each one live to enjoy many more Christmasses in the years to come.

- > A Sweet-Eating Nation

This is what we are, if one may judge from the amount of sugar consumed in the United States during last year. It is 75 pounds for each person, according to the following paragraph taken from the Farm Journal for December :

One billion one hundred and eighty- two million pounds of sugar were im- ported into the United States last year from our three insular possessions— Hawaii, Porto Rico and the Philippines. Of that vast quantity considerably more than half came from Hawaii, and only a small part from the Philippines. Nine hundred and fifty million pounds were

roduced in the United States proper.

n addition to this we imported from Cuba, Germany, Dutch East Indies, Brazil and other countries, more than 3,000,000,000 pounds; the total con- sumption in the United States last year being about 75 pounds per capita, or more than 6,000,000,000 pounds, less than one-sixth of which was produced at home.

It does seem that if people generally knew how much superior honey is to sugar, that the former would soon take the place of the latter to a much greater extent than it does now. We know of no better way to familiarize the public with the excellent qualities of honey than through advertising. The National Bee-Keepers’ Association has e oppor-

tunity of getting a whole lot of honey information in the newspapers at a very trifling expense. be put into effect.

We hope it may soon

a New Pure Food Law and Honey

As probably nearly all of our readers know, we have a National Pure Food Law, which goes into effect Jan. I, 1907. Mr. C. P. Dadant, President of the National Bee-Keepers’ Association

has this to say about it:

LETTER FROM C. P. DaDANT.

Is the new Pure Food Law going to be of any benefit to the bee-keepers in their sales of honey?. I can answer this question in the affirmative, and with

emphasis Allow me to state a few facts.

We have been producing honey— principally extracted—for nearly 40 years. In the early days of extraor-

dinary production, there was much dif- ficulty encountered in selling, because so

many people were prejudiced against the granulation of honey. This preju- dice still exists, but not in the same

uniform condition as-in the 70’s.

Then glucose began to appear, and the adulterators plied their industry by furnishing a mixture which resembled honey, and did not granulate. An at- tempt was made to secure a pure food law, concerning the sweets at least. In 1880-82, petitions were circulated, asking Congress for a law. My father took the pains of circulating a special petition signed by bee-keepers, and se- cured some 10,000 names. This num- ber would be small to-day, but it was large for that time. We were greatly encouraged in our efforts when we

found that

the honest sugar manufac- turers were also working for the same end. But all this was of no avail, and

the petitions were buried.

Many and many times we deplored the fact that there was no way by which we could drive the spurious honey from the market. But we have at last reached

the goal Just one instance will show it:

I number among my friends a whole- sale grocer who has for years carried on a most successful and straightfor- ward business. He was handling spu-

To all

rious honey, in years past. representations he would say:

my

“We can not avoid handling this stuff. Our customers ask for it and others keep it. We can not help ourselves; but we make no secret of the fact that we know it to be impure. We would like to handle your product, but it is too ex- pensive.”

[his year, this:

“We are now happy to be able to say that we can handle your honey. In fact, we can not. handle any but pure honey, and I am right glad of it. I have always disliked to sell anything that did not show plainly its nature on the label. The Pure Food Law will cause trouble only to those who. prepare these spurious goods, because it sets their business to naught. Give me your prices, and we will make an order. We may not sell much at first, but we know we need not fear the competition of a spurious article from our competitors in the wholesale grocery line, for they have to quit handling it also.”

A few days later, we filled a large order for this firm. I asked how the goods sold. The reply was:

“This pure honey business is a little new. Some people object to granula- tion, but nothing can stand in the way, when we say that we have your guar- antee, and are willing to add ours to it, as to the purity of the goods. Pure honey is going to sell, through the wholesale trade, as it never did before.”

Those are the facts as I find them. Hurrah for the pure food laws! And although I have been for many years bitterly opposed to Prof. Wiley because of the big blunder he made with that comb honey story in the long ago, I feel

the same person told me

oa scnsnsenaens tose pie

ee ie :

Dec. 20, 1906

quite willing to bury the hatchet, and forgive him for the part he has taken in securing this Pure Food Law.

C. P. Dapanrt.

We agree fully with Mr. Dadant in what he says in the foregoing. And we believe that there is a brighter day ahead for honey-producers, because of the in- creased prices they will be able to se- cure for their honey just as soon as the new Pure Food Law is enforced, so that honey will not need to come in competi- tion with glucose and other adulterants which it has had to meet in the open market. Food products will have to be sold for what they are hereafter, and judging from what we have heard al- ready, retailers are beginning to be mighty careful to know just what they are offering as honey.

Gleanings has done a good thing in preparing and publishing the following, which will well repay reading again if you have seen it before:

Tug New National Pure-Foop Law; Its Pro- VISIONS, PENALTIES, AND Scopes.

The Hepburn pure-food bill, one of the most important measures that ever passed Congress, became a law on June 30 of this year, but will not be in force until January 1, 1907. I have before me a copy of the law, and the rules and regulations applying to said law as they were prepared by the Secretaries of the Treasury, of Agriculture, and of Commerce and Labor. That the new law has “teeth” in it, can not be denied. It is going to do more to wipe out adulteration and misbranding than anything that has ever been done before in 1alf a century. While in a sense it is re- stricted to interstate and territorial business, yet its practical working effect will be to pre- vent the dishonest food and medicine purvey- ors from doing business in any State, whether it has a pure-food law or not. No glucose mixer or adulterator, after Jan. rst next, will dare put his goods on the market again; for if he does he is liable to run up against Uncle Sam in a way that will not only subject him to a heavy fine, but may put him behind the bars where he will stay for a time. It is a well-known fact that law-breakers are far more afraid of United States officials than mere State officers.

It is vitally necessary that every bee-keeper and honey-seller know something about this new law. Even honest men might inadver- tently become entrapped; and it is important, alike for both the law-abiding as well as the would-be iaw-breaker to know what the law is.

In a general way it makes it a crime against the United States to misbrand or adulterate any food product, medicine, or liquor, without showing the exact contents on the outside of the package. In any State where there is no pure-food law one may adulterate and mis- brand as before, providing his products do not go beyond the limits of that State. But the moment they pass beyond the border-line into another State he is liable to fine and impris- onment. There is where the rub is. nas- much as it would be impossible to do a strictly within-the-State business, the practical working effect of the law would be that misbranding and adulterating will have to stop on every foot of ground owned or ecatreiel by any State or by the United States as a whole. The law goes further. One can not adulterate or misbrand goods that are to be used for export into a foreign country without taking fearful chances.

PENALTIES.

Any person who shall violate any provision of this law relating to an interstate or terri- torial business shall be guilty of a misde- meanor, and shall, on conviction, be fined not to exceed $500, or be sentenced to one year’s imprisonment, or both; such fine and imprisonment to be at the discretion of the court. For each subsequent offense and con. viction he shall be fine not less than $1,000, or sentenced to one year’s imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court.

The penalty for exporting misbranded or adulterated goods will be $200 for the first offense, and $500 for a succeeding offense, or to be imprisoned, one year, or th, at the discretion of the court.

GUARANTER OF Purity ReEQuIRED.

A special feature of this bill is that no dealer in food or drug products will be liable to prosecution if he can show that the goods were sold under a guarantee of »urity from the wholesaler, manufacturer, jobber, dealer, or other party residing in the United States, from whom purchased. It is proper to. remark right here that it is very important that every purchaser of honey or beeswax secure from each wholesaler, jobber, or producer, that the goods purchased are guaranteed by him to be pure. In the eVent that it is found afterward that they are adulterated or misbranded, the presentation of this guarantee by the dealer will protect him, when proceedings will be taken up against the maker of the guarantee, and he, in turn, as I understand the law, can go back to the original oroducer, provided, of course, that he, in turn, is protected also by a guarantee of purity from said producer. As I understand it, this guarantee will not apply in any case where the original package in which the goods were received has been broken and the goods have been put into other packages.

It will come to pass that, before a sale can be consummated, a guarantee of purity will have to be furnished. When the examina- tion or analysis shows that the food or drugs are adulterated, the dealer furnishing such goods shall be duly notified.

PROCEDURE WHEN ADULTERATION OR MISBRAND- ING HAS BEEN Detectep spy A UNITED States OFFIcer.

Section 4 of the law is liberal toward the suspected offender in that it gives him a chance for a hearing before the actual penalty is applied. When examination or analysis shows that he is possibly or probably guilty, notice is served to him or to the parties from whom he obtained = goods, or who exe- cuted the guarantee rovided in the law. A date is fixed by the Goonstery of Agricul- ture, or such other official connected with the food and drug inspection service as may commissioned by him for that purpose, when a hearing shall be held. Said hearing shall be in private, and shall be confined to ques- tions of fact. If it be shown that a mistake has been made, the parties shall be discharged; but if it be shown that he is guilty, the fact will be published, and in addition the offender will be subject to the penalties already men- tioned.

The adulterators of food products fear pub- licity more than anything else. They do not care so much about a small fine, but Uncle Sam _ has fixed it so that the law-breakers shall get a big fine, some free advertising, and, in addition, a free ‘ride, perhaps, to prison. No wonder there was a tremendous glucose lobby present to kill or weaken the measure when it was before Congress. No wonder the liquor and patent-medicine people feared it.

MISBRANDING, OR LaBELING Honry as ComMING FROM One APIARY THAT WAS PRODUCED IN ANOTKER.

Not only is it made q crime against the United States to ae an article of food by putting out a cheap substitute under the name of something better, as, for example, a glucose mixture for honey, but it will also be unlawful to sell a pure honey under a label showing that it came from some particular apiary when, as a matter of fact, it was pro- duced in another. Let us take a_ concrete case: Mr. John Jones has purchased a lot of labels that read: ““‘Pure Honey from the Apiary of John Jones.’” We will say he has pro. duced 10,000 pounds of extracted honey. He has a right to use this label on all the honey he produces in his apiary or apiaries, but on no other, however pure. He builds up a big trade, and there is more demand for his goods. His 10,000 pounds of his own production is all gone. He goes out into the open market and buys more honey of the same source, no bet- ter and no worse than he produces in his own yard; but if he uses the same label to put Se this honey he will be rendering himself liable, if I understand the law. It is true no chemist could ever show whether the honey bearing such labels was produced in his apiary or not; but other evidence might show a mis- branding, and our Mr. Jones would be wu against Uncle Sam in a way that would kill him before his old trade.

The law does not sratent him, however, from adopting a trade label of wider scope reading sorhething like this: “Pure Clover

Honey put up by John Jones.” Under this label he may sell his own honey and that which he purchases. But just the moment he buys a mountain sage or a pure bass. wood, and sells it under that label, he wi be rendering himself liable again. if he sires to have a stock label that will apply to both white, red, and alfalfa clover honey he can use the words: “Pure Clover Honey put up by John Jones,” for alfalfa is a clover the same as sweet or red clover. He might, in my opinion, without being liable, put up a blend of white clover and alfalfa; but if he desired to make a blend of clover and bass- wood or sage hone he had better adopt the wording, oe, Extracted Honey, put up by John Jones.” In every case, when John Jones buys honey he will do well to require the seller to give him a guarantee of purity.

The law is very clear in making it unlawful to represent that a certain food product was produced in any particular State when, as a matter of fact, it came from another State. To illustrate, no more can Ohio cheese be sold as York State cheese. In the same way, Wisconsin honey could not be put up under the name of York State honey without ren- dering somebody liable.

Form OF GUARANTEE.

As I have already stated, it is quite im- rtant that every bee-keeper, when he buys oer from some other bee-keeper, jobber, or dealer, make him give a guarantee of pur- ity, The guarantee suggested is as follows: I [we] the undersigned do hereby guarantee that honew or beeswax shipped, distributed, or sold by me [us] [specifying the same as fully as possible] is not adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of the food and drugs act, June 30, 1906. (Signed in ink.) Our customers are asking us to furnish this guarantee, and we in turn are asking those who furnish us honey or beeswax to give us the same guarantee. No producer or job- ber should hesitate to furnish such a writ- ing: for the moment he hesitates, that mo- ment his goods will be under suspicion.

GENERAL Errect or THE Law.

There are many other provisions of this law; but those already given are the princi- pal ones that relate to bee-keeping. Suffice it to say, its general provisions apply equally to all products, medicines, and liquors. No more can a medicine be sold under an inno. cent name and yet contain some powerful poison, unless the exact amount of such poison as well as other ingredients be stated on the label. Thousands of people have died as the result of liquor, cocaine, strychnine, and other deadly poisons administered in medi- cines having an innocent name.

The effect of this provision of the law is going to be to drive a lot of dangerous pro- prietary medicines out of the market. As soon as the dear public knows what these innocent-sounding medicines are, it will leave them severely alone, and it ought to.

This national pure-food law may rope in some innocent bee-keepers and other well- meaning persons; but it is their business to know the law, and Gleanings has taken this opportunity to inform them.

Every pound of honey that one buys of somebody else should be .covered by a guar- antee, - a the purchaser may assume a great risk; and, further, the label shall not be mis- leading in any manner whatsoever.

TESTS —— EEO

Honey as a Health: Food. This is a 16-page honey-pamphlet intended to help increase the demand for honey. The first part of it contains a short article on ‘* Honey as Food,” written by Dr. C. C. Miller. It tells where to keep honey, how to liquefy it, etc. The last part is devoted to “‘ Honey- Cooking Recipes”? and Remedies Using Honey.” It should be widely circulated by those selling honey. The more the people are educated on the value and uses of honey, the more honey they will buy.

Prices, prepaid—Sample copy for a 2-cent stamp; 50 copies for 70 cents; 100 for $1.25; 250 for $2.25; 500 for $4.00; or 1000 for $7.50. Your business card printed free at the bottom of front page on all orders for 100 or more copies. Send all orders to the office of the American Bee Journal.

D

Col du

in;

66,

. 7)

>

ont >

Dec. 20, 1906

cS

sa) American bee Journal (2

Mr. Frank Rauchfuss, of Denver, Colo., Manager of the Colorado Honey-Pro- ducers’ Association, gave usa brief cal! last

week when on his way home. He had been visiting in Louisville, Ky., and other cities. He reports a fair honey crop in Colorado this year, and that the Association of which he is manager continues to ‘‘ do business at the old stand.”’

An Irish Estimate of “Our Bee-Keep- ing Sisters’’ department, and its capable ** conductor,” is thus given by Editor Digges in the valuable Irish Bee Journal for Decem- ber:

The American Bee Journal iscalled in the States the ‘‘ Old Reliable,”’ and is one of those ever fresh, ever welcome publications that no bee-man worth a dollar and a half can afford to do without. Of that attractive Journal, one of the most delightful departments is that of ‘‘Our Bee-Keeping Sisters.’ It is conducted by Miss Emma M. Wilson, whose portrait appears in the title-block, and whose wisdom, and graceful treatment of a vast variety, of subjects makes us sigh, from week to week, for the uprising in this old land of some bee-keeping sister with like gifts of head and heart, to stir the silent sisterhood of European beedom.

Mr. Morley Pettit, who, during the past year, has been conducting the Department of ** Canadian Beedom ”’ in this Jounnal, finds it necessary to discontinue that work on account of taking up another line which requires all his timeand thought. The following letter explains the change more in detail:

Dear Frienp York:—Every once in a while there seem to be hard things come up for us to do, and I have met one of them now. Since I decided to go into-the ministerial work I started studying and working along that line, and have found it moreand more difficult to give ‘‘ Canadian Beedom”’ its due. Formerly, a bee-paper—the ‘‘ Old Reliable ’’ or some other—was my constant coripanion for reading in spare moments. My work was bee-keeping, and my best thought was given to that business.

Now it is different. The Conference of the Methodist Church has given me a circuit with 3 churches at which to hold services, and do pastoral work. This, with the fairly heavy course of studies which will cover 4 or 5 years, so fully take up my time that bee- papers remain almost unopened, and I find myself already outof touch with apicultural thought.

In view of this I must, although very re- luctantly, [ assure you, give up ‘‘ Canadian Beedom.’’ I shall hope tocontribute articles occasionally, but that may possibly be only a hope, as the new work seems to take prac- tically all my thought.

Yours very truly, Morey Pertir.

While we also regret the necessity which seems to require the giving up of ‘‘ Canadian Beedom’’ by Mr. Pettit, we recognize the prior claims upon him of a higher call which

he has received—a call to the work of the ministry. Wecan only wish Mr. Pettit the largest success in his chosen field of labor. He will be well equipped for it, and doubtless will be as successful in the pulpit, and doing pastoral work, ashe wasin working with the bees. He will also be able to draw many a sweet lesson from his former vocation.

A New York Bee-Keepers’ Institute

The honey has gone to market, and the bees are in the hive,

But the bee-man you're alive;

In winter he is planning for the summer that’s to come,

And when the bees are swarming ‘‘ you bet”’ he’s *‘ going some.”’

And so the year rolls quickly by, with its win- ter and its summer,

For the bee-man he gets busy, and I tell you he’s a hummer

But there comes a time, it’s between the hay and grass,

When it’s well to stop and ponder before we let it pass,

For these Institutes are catchy, and full of good advica,

And so before you miss them just think it over twice.”’

Taken from an Institute Program

is always busy, sure as

DR. JOHN DZIERZON

Last week we announced the death of Dzierzon, the great German bee- keeper. We take the following, includ-

ing the two illustrations, from Glean- ings:

We have to chronicle the death, on Oct. 26, 1906, of the Rev. John Dzierzon, D. D., Father Emeritus in the Catholic Church, at his home in Lowkowitz, a hamlet near Kreutzburg, Silé- sia, Prussia. He was born in the same place, Jan. 11, 1811, probably in the same house in which he died, so that, had he lived a few weeks more, he would have celebrated his 96th birthday, or 25 years over the allotted three- score and ten.

He was born just 17 days after L. L. Lang- stroth, the father and founder of American bee-keeping. In many ways these men greatly resembled each other. Both lived to a good old age—the one 85 and the other 95; both were clergymen, typical of their country, and both were founders ofa great school of bee- keeping and both died in October, after long and useful lives. Though Father Dzierzon

The Illinois